1) Emperor (q.v.) from 717-741 who founded the Isaurian dynasty (q.v.). His reign began with the unsuccessful siege (717-718) of Constantinople (q.v.) by the Arab general Maslama (qq.v.), one of several important events of his reign. In 726 Leo issued an edict supporting Iconoclasm (q.v.), subsequently confirmed by a silentium (q.v.) in 730. Patriarch Germanos I (qq.v.) was removed. Popes Gregory II and Gregory III (qq.v.) objected in vain. Leo III's response may have been to transfer from the papacy (q.v.) to the patriarch of Constantinople the ecclesiastical administration of Sicily, Calabria, and Illyricum (qq.v.). Leo III's energetic defense of Asia Minor (q.v.) resulted in a string of victories against the Arabs (q.v.), culminating in the great victory at Akroinon (q.v.) in 740. Leo further defended Asia Minor by creating the themes of Thrakesion and Kibyrrhaiotai (qq.v.). His new manual of law, the Ecloga (q.v.), was not superceded until the Basilika of Leo VI (qq.v.) in the late ninth century. In sum, Leo III's reign was packed with events, the consequences of which reverberated throughout the eighth century. This was particularly true of his pursuit of Iconoclasm.
   2) Pope (795-816) who crowned Charlemagne (q.v.) as Emperor of the Romans on Christmas Day 800, one of the chief events of the Middle Ages. The coronation was seen by Byzantium (q.v.) as an act of rebellion, but Pope Leo may have been persuaded that in no way could any woman, including the reigning Irene (q.v.), though she called herself basileus (q.v.), be construed as emperor (q.v.). Thus, the throne could be viewed as vacant when Charlemagne was crowned.

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  • Leo III — (or the Greek form Leon III) may refer to: * Leo III the Isaurian (c. 680), Byzantine emperor (717 – June 18, 741). * Pope Leo III, 795 816 * Leo III, also known as Levon II of Armenia (King) * Levon III of Armenia (1287 1307) * Leon III of… …   Wikipedia

  • Leo III. — Leo III. ist der Name folgender Personen: Leo III. (Byzanz) ( 680–741), byzantinischer Kaiser Leo III. (Papst) († 816), Papst Leo III. (Abchasien), der Große, König von Abchasien Leo III. ( 1236–1289), König von Armenien, siehe Leon III.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • LEO III° — (called the Isaurian = Syrian; c. 680–741), Byzantine emperor from 717 to 741. Leo emerged a strong ruler after compelling the Caliph Suleiman to give up the siege of Constantinople early in his reign. In 721–22 he issued a decree ordering the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Leo III — 1. Saint, A.D. c750 816, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 795 816. 2. ( the Isaurian ), A.D. c680 741, Eastern Roman emperor 717 741. * * * known as Leo the Isaurian born с 675, Germanicia, Commagene, Syria died June 18, 742, Constantinople Byzantine… …   Universalium

  • Leo III., S. (15) — 15S. Leo III., (12. Juni), der 99. Papst vom J. 795–816, war von Geburt ein Römer. Sein Vater Azuppius ließ ihn von Kindheit an gut erziehen und in den Wissenschaften unterrichten. Anfänglich war er nach W.W. (VI. 455) regulirter Chorherr von St …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Leo III —    1) (c. 680–741)    Emperor.    Leo III was elected Byzantine Emperor in 717. He is remembered for defeating the Arabs and for initiating the Iconoclastic Controversy. He believed that the use of icons hindered the conversion of Jews and… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • LEO III — I. LEO III. Rom. Hadr. I. successor, A. C. 795. fil. Asuppi, Car. Mag. iuramentum subiectionis ac fidelitatis dixit, ad quem se receperat, a Romanis orto tumultu vix non interfectus: Hanc iniuriam vindicavit Caesar, Romamque perveniens, a Leone… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Leo III. (Papst) — Leo III. auf einem Mosaik im Triclinium des Lateran Palasts (ca. 799) Das Fresko Stanza dell Incendio di Borgo (Der Schwur von Leo III.) v …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Leo III, King of Armenia — Leo III or Leon III (occasionally numbered Leo IV; hy. Լեիոն Գ, Levon III ; 1287/1289 ndash; 1307) was king of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia, ruling from 1303 or 1305 to 1307, along with his uncle Hethum II. He was the son of Thoros III of… …   Wikipedia

  • LEO III. Isaurus — 71. Rom. Imp. A. C. 717. Classem Solimanni, urbem gravi obsidione prementem, incendit ac dissipavit: Omati vero successoris, fame ad reditum compulit. Anastasium II. ope Bulgarorum, Imperium repetentem, summovit: Constantino fil. coronato, A. C.… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

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